A laptop adapter is made up of typically Lines filters, Bridge rectifiers, filter capacitors, MOSFETs, and transformers. We are going to see them in this guide for laptop adapter charger repair.
Before checking the adapter is faulty check for two things:
- The switch to which the adapter is connected is ok.
- The power button is ON.
In this paragraph, we are going to see them one by one. Mostly there are chances that the switch itself is problematic. In that case, first, check for the switch. also, check for the power button is working or not. Sometimes the button is not working which makes the current not pass in the adapter.
Laptop adapter charger pin connector
There is 3 measurement in the laptop adapter pin :
- Adapter ID pin
In this paragraph, we will see about them. The outer part is measurable for the ground. Secondly, the inner part is a positive charge. Lastly, the center part has a pin (in some laptops) which is called an Adapter ID pin, Which works as a sensor. Dell adapter connector has sensor adapter ID pin present.
Adapter Charger Repair Guide
In this paragraph, we are going to see assuming you have to check previous things. First up open the adapter from the case. You can use a small amount of petrol for opening the case of the adapter. Then remove the small plastics within it. Now you have the adapter which is open and completely free.
Check 300v DC On The Filter Capacitor
Firstly check whether a 300v current is coming on the filter capacitor. The work of the filter capacitor is to filter the current and pass the pure DC current without the mix of AC current.
If you are unable to find 300v around the filter capacitor then.
check the fuse and bridge rectifier. One of them or both in some cases may not be working in laptop charger.
Check 12v DC On PWM Chip VCC Pin
Secondly, check for the 12 volt DC current is coming or not on the VCC pin of PWM. It is important for the PWM chip to work 12v current.
Secondly, if the 12v DC current is not coming then check for resister which is also called “voltage provider resister”.
Check for output Diode
A diode is one of the most used elements in motherboards. Moreover, they are connected mostly toward the end of circuits for laptop adapter circuits. If they found it not ok then carry yourself to the next paragraph.
If in any case laptop adapter circuit diodes are not working then do yourself a favor and replace them.
Check Switching MOSFET And Replace The PWM Chip
MOSFET is one of the best components used in laptop motherboard manufacturing. Secondly, check for the PWM chip (Pulse Width Modulator Chip) if it is problematic.
IF you found out that the PWM chip or MOSFET is faulty then replace them.
There are multiple ways to do laptop adapter charger repair easily. For becoming good laptop repairman you must know laptop adapter repairing also.
You can also check our other laptop preparing help guides.
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